UPASI Krishi Vigyan Kendra
Besides the role played by UPASI, the need was felt for improving the rural development in small growers sector and accordingly an obligation was put forth to the Indian Council of Agriculture Research (ICAR) to set up a Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK). Accordingly, the UPASI-KVK was established in September, 1982 and today the KVK has become a part and parcel of UPASI through its activities among the farming community, scientists, extension workers and Central and state government agencies. UPASI-KVK constructed a mini tea factory during 1994 with financial support of Tea Board, ICAR, CAPART and HADP with an objective of imparting training on quality tea preparation to factory personnel of small sector and to carry out adaptive research on CTC / orthodox tea manufacture.
Mandate of UPASI KVK includes planning and conducting production oriented, need based short and long duration training courses for the benefit of various target groups, follow-up information support to training courses, encouraging the younger generation in scientific farming through supervised projects, disseminating the latest technical know-how, creating awareness in the areas of home making and nutrition education for rural community and implementing all ICAR schemes which intend to strengthen the training programmes of the Kendra.
KVK also involves in on-farm research where farmers participate in identifying problems and its priorities, managing experiment and evaluating results. More than a dozen on-farming research programmes were completed and the technology was implemented successfully in the farming community. Frontline demonstration is the new concept of field demonstration evolved by ICAR. Main objective of frontline demonstrations is to exhibit newly released crop production and protection technologies and its management practices in the farmers’ fields under different agro-climatic regions and farming situations. More than 15 technologies developed and successfully disseminated to the farming community for adoption including tea. Training programmes organised by KVK is meant for the farmers, particularly women and rural youth through “learning by doing” which in turn generate self employment’, to update the advances in agriculture research and conducting periodical seminars/workshop for the benefit of farming community.
The training sessions include analysis of individual needs, short lectures, group discussions, problem-solving exercises and an extensive review of the technology / innovation available on each subject. Field / lab visits are organised to expose the trainees to the myriad problems that they are likely to face every day. Such exposure enables trainees to develop the skills and attitudes required for action. The highlights of the programmes are tea cultivation, agricultural engineering, horticulture, home science and soil science. The Kendra also organizes various other programmes. Enterprises such as beekeeping, animal husbandry etc., can be successfully incorporated into plantation based integrated farming system. This helps the community to generate additional income, besides conserving the biodiversity of plantations.
The home science unit organises various training programmes and income generating activitieswhich include nutrition and balanced diet, fruit and vegetable processing and preservation, home baking, mushroom cultivation, kitchen gardening, tailoring, wool knitting, renewable energy sources, women’s clubs, women farm science club and self help groups. Mini manufacturing unit involved in imparting training on quality tea making for factory personnel of small sector, conducting vocational training on tea manufacture to the unemployed youth and to carry out adaptive research on CTC tea manufacture.
The Nilgiris is a horticulture district which has got high potential for the cultivation of cut flowers, vegetables, fruits, spices and medicinal plants. Since there is a perspective in landscaping of gardens, floriculture unit, ornamental /medicinal plants germplasm unit are maintained by the Kendra. The cut flowers grown in this unit include gerbera, carnation, lillium, gladiolus, etc., besides medicinal and aromatic plants include commercial herbs and rare medicinal plants.
Quality upgradation programme
The Nilgiri district has over 65,000 small growers cultivating tea in 49,000 ha which contributes 90 m.kg of tea processed in 125 bought leaf factories. As the quality of the tea produced by the bought leaf sector was not on par with the corporate sector, they could not fetch high prices in the market. Hence they could not give an attractive price to the leaf suppliers, i.e. the small growers. Tea Board has been supporting the planters of corporate, estate and small growers sector since its inception and financially by providing schemes/subsidies for the development of the tea industry. In order to extend services, Tea Board identified UPASI KVK as a nodal agency for the small growers in the Nilgiris and launched quality upgradation programme (QUP) during 2000 for improving the quality of tea produced in the Nilgiris as support measure during crisis situation. Since then the KVK has been working on various aspects on quality improvement and in order to achieve success in QUP, KVK jointly working with Department of Horticulture, Industrial Co-operative Services, Banks, Non Governmental Organisations etc. Objectives of QUP are conducting quality awareness campaign in different villages, quality upgradation experiment cum demonstrations in different tea factories, publicity and advertisement through documentary film on harvesting for quality improvement and quality awareness seminars/ conferences/farmers meet for bought leaf and Indco tea factories. Small growers and manufacturers are very receptive in the initiatives launched by Tea Board in relation to QUP to face the global challenges. Besides the specific long term programme on QUP, UPASI KVK in collaboration with Tea Board assisted in special pruning programme in small tea growers and replanting programme, etc. As an authentic evidence for small farmers involvement in QUP, the sector received Tea Golden Leaf India Awards (TGLIA) and prestigious Manimegalai Award for Best Women Self Help Group in the Nilgiris besides the Best KVK Award for the biennium, 1996-97, as mentioned elsewhere.
News & Events5
Dr. C.S. Venkata Ram Memorial Annual Tea Colloquium will be held on Aug, 2018 at Seminar Hall, UPASI Tea Research Foundation, Tea Research Institute, Valparai. The maximum time for presentation is ten minutes followed by discussion. Prizes will be awarded for the best three presentations.…Read More
The Pesticide Residue Division is equipped with state-of-art instruments viz., Gas Chromatograph, High Performance Liquid Chromatograph, GCMS, Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer, etc., Our lab is GLP certified by National GLP Compliance Monitoring Authority, Govt. of India for the execution of Pesticide Residue Studies. We are accredited…Read More
08/09/2018 @ 09:30 am
Date of Publish: 06-Aug-2019 UPASI TEA RESEARCH FOUNDATION TEA RESEARCH INSTITUTE NIRAR DAM PO VALPARAI – 642 127 Project: Development of new clones through integration of conventional and non-conventional methods of breeding for productivity, quality and stress tolerance, funded by Tea Board of India…Read More
Monthly Circular April -2014 WEATHER Weather data recorded in March 2014 at the TRF observatory are given below, along with the corresponding figures for March 2013. Year Total Rainfall mm Mean Sunshine hr/day Mean Temperature ° C Mean Relative Humidity % at Mean Evaporation…Read More
14-May-2019 Sealed quotations are invited from the concerned suppliers for the following lab instrument with specifications. The quotations may be sent to the Director, UPASI Tea Research Foundation – Tea Research Institute, Nirar Dam P.O. Valparai 642 127 to reach on or before 31st May…Read More
Ajaikumar, S., Siby Mathew, R. Raj Kumar and P. Mohan Kumar (2014). Mechanical harvesting in tea: A case study of Pasuparai estate. Journal of Plantation Crops. 42(2): 201-214. Ajay, D. and Baby, U.I. 2010. Induction of systemic resistance to Exobasidium vexans in tea through SAR…Read More
The principal landmark in the history of tea research in south India, was the establishment of a Tea Experimental Station in Gudalur in 1926. During the last seven and half decades, this research organisation. Now known as the UPASI Tea Research Foundation (UPASI TRF), had…Read More
Annual Report is the one among the major publications of UPASI TRF. Annual report of each year is released by September of the following year. Other publications include Research Highlights and half yearly Newsletters. The Bulletin of UPASI TRF is an occasional publication. The Handbook…Read More
DATE: 10-12 December 2014
PLACE: KozhikodeRead More
Research Extension Meeting
DATE: 06-08 May 2013
PLACE: ValparaiRead More
JOINT AREA SCIENTIFIC SYMPOSIA (JASS)
INTERNATIONAL TEA CONVENTION
Dr.C.S. Venkata Ram Annual Tea Colloquium
DATE: 1 August 2013
PLACE: VALPARAIRead More
INTERACTIVE SESSIONS / WORKSHOPS
PLACE: VALPARAIRead More
PLATINUM JUBILEE SYMPOSIUM
PLACE: ChennaiRead More
PLANTATION CROPS SYMPOSIUM 2014
UPASI ANNUAL CONFERENCE
DATE: September 2013
PLACE: CoonoorRead More
Of late, considering the constant usage of pesticides and to monitor the residues in the final produce, a well equipped test facility was established at UPASI TRI in 1994. The pesticide residue laboratory is accredited by National Accreditation Board for testing and calibration Laboratories (NABL)…Read More
The Tea Research Institute at Valparai has seven divisions namely Botany, Soil Chemistry, Entomology, Pesticide Residue, Plant Pathology & Microbiology, Plant Physiology & Biotechnology and Tea Technology. Botany Research activities of Botany Division include plant improvement, cultivation practices and weed research. Plant improvement programme was…Read More
Chemistry Division is involved in research pertaining to soil-plant nutrients of tea besides extending analytical service to the industry. The research activities include investigations on physico-chemical properties of soil, soil-plant interactions, response of tea to major, secondary and micronutrients and their interactions. The research work…Read More
Entomology Division involve in basic and applied aspects of insect pests, particularly, biology, ecology and evolving control measures. The division evolved and recommended physical, chemical and biological method of tea pests control. In the past, extensive studies on bioecology, crop loss due to major pests…Read More
Pathology & Microbiology
In the division of Plant Pathology & Microbiology, research is carried out on diseases of tea and biofertilizers. Among the tea diseases, blister blight is the most important leaf disease caused by the pathogen, Exobasidium vexans affecting the tender harvestable shoots of tea resulting in…Read More
Physiology & Biotechnology
Plant Physiology Division was established in 1980 which has been primarily concentrated on crop productivity. The division strives for excellence in applied research in tea productivity and bush health besides biotechnological studies. The research undertaken extends over a wide range of research programmes having collaborative…Read More
Besides offering the analytical services and involving in inter laboratory ring test to validate the test methods, Tea Technology Division is concerned about quality of final produce in accordance with PFA Act requirements, storage studies, value added products and manufacturing aspects. The laboratory has been…Read More